The Science of CBD and Your Pet


Cannabidiol (CBD) is found in both hemp and cannabis plants. It is non-intoxicating, meaning that it does not induce a “high”. CBD is the most abundant cannabinoid in hemp and the 2nd most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis.

Doge Botancial’s Pet CBD products all use CBD oil that is derived from hemp.


There are three types of CBD oil: full spectrum, broad spectrum and CBD isolate.

When raw CBD oil is extracted from the hemp plant, it contains all of the natural components of the plant. The raw oil is put through several refinement and distillation processes to achieve one of these three types of CBD oil.

Full spectrum CBD oil contains all of the cannabinoids and terpenes that are naturally found in the hemp plant. The THC content (0.3% or less) is also maintained. The only thing stripped here is unwanted plant material, heavy metals and chlorophyll.

Broad spectrum CBD oil starts as either full spectrum oil or CBD isolate. Most or all of the THC is removed. Some products, such as the pet products offered by Doge Botanicals, contain THC in a concentration that is less than what labs test for. Labs test for THC of 0.3%, anything less is undetectable. Broad spectrum CBD oil that does contain a minuscule amount of THC contains 0.1% or less. Products in this category that begin with CBD isolate are unable to achieve the entourage effect.

Terpenes are added back to broad spectrum products.

The entourage effect refers to all of the cannabinoids and terpenes naturally found in the original source staying in the extracted oil to work together creating synergy.

CBD isolate strips everything from the raw CBD extracted solution except the CBD. It is not possible to achieve the entourage effect since THC is missing. CBD isolate is considered to be inferior to broad spectrum and full spectrum.

The endocannabinoid system works with cannabinoid receptors. CB1 receptors are found in the central nervous system which includes the spinal cord and brain. CB2 receptors are located in the immune system and major organs. When these receptors are activated, their job is to send appropriate messages to various nerve cells so that balance (homeostasis) can be restored to that specific function.


All mammals have an endocannabinoid system. This system works in conjunction with the central and peripheral nervous systems. These systems help regulate most of the functions of the body. The endocannabinoid system is what helps your pet’s body maintain homeostasis (balance).

When a function or reaction in the body is not in balance, an improper response may be triggered. Adjustments are automatically made by the body to put these functions back to normal functioning status. If a cannabinoid deficiency is present, the response to “auto-fix” may not be made. The body produces endocannabinoids naturally.

The functions affected by the endocannabinoid system include:

  • Appetite
  • Coordination
  • Immune response
  • Inflammatory response
  • Memory
  • Metabolism
  • Mood
  • Movement
  • Pleasure
  • Sleep

When your pet’s endocannabinoid system is in proper working order and their bodies are balanced correctly, this helps maximize your pet’s overall health and wellness.  When speaking with your vet about CBD for pets, find out which part of their endocannabinoid system may be off-balance.


Any animal with a backbone (classified as a chordate) has an endocannabinoid system. The Kingdom of Chordata includes amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish, and mammals, including house pets. Many animal-owners treat their beloved pets like family members. When a dog or a cat gets sick and conventional options don’t work, people seek alternatives. In the realm of natural healing, cannabis for animals seems like a logical botanical pathway to explore.

When it comes to CBD, or cannabis in general, little research has been done on cats and dogs. Are cannabis preparations safe for use in animals? Does marijuana affect pets the same way as humans? Many pet-owners are looking for something to support their animal’s health, but there is little quality control with respect to the numerous pet-focused CBD products that are available in the medical marijuana sector and the hemp CBD grey market. And there aren’t many trusted, educated individuals who can provide professional guidance on cannabinoid therapies for pets.